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Swallow-tailed Kite
Swallow-tailed Kite
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Falconiformes
Family: Accipitridae
Vieillot, 1816
  • Elaninae
  • Aegypiinae

The Accipitridae is one of the two major families within the order Falconiformes (the diurnal birds of prey). Many well-known birds like hawks, eagles, kites, harriers and Old World vultures are included in this group. Most, but not all, other raptors belong to the Falconidae, or falcon family, which is often considered a distinct order, in which case the present group would belong to the order Accipitriformes.)

The Osprey is usually placed in a separate family (Pandionidae), as is the Secretary bird (Sagittariidae), and the New World vultures are also usually now regarded as a separate family or order. Karyotype data (Amaral & Jorge, 2003) indicated that the accipitrids hitherto analyzed are indeed a distinct monophyletic group, but whether this group should be considered a family of the Falconiformes or an order on its own is a matter of taste.


  • Subfamily Elaninae
    • Black-winged Kite, Elanus caeruleus
      Black-shouldered Kite, Elanus axillaris
      White-tailed Kite, Elanus leucurus
      Letter-winged Kite, Elanus scriptus
      Scissor-tailed Kite, Chelictinia riocourii
      Bat Hawk, Machaerhamphus alcinus
      Pearl Kite, Gampsonyx swainsonii
      Swallow-tailed Kite, Elanoides forficatus
  • Subfamily Perninae
    • African Baza, Aviceda cuculoides
      Madagascar Baza, Aviceda madagascariensis
      Jerdon's Baza, Aviceda jerdoni
      Pacific Baza, Aviceda subcristata
      Black Baza, Aviceda leuphotes
      Long-tailed Honey Buzzard, Hernicopernis longicauda
      Black Honey Buzzard, Hernicopernis infuscatus
      European Honey Buzzard, Pernis apivorus
      Oriental Honey Buzzard, Pernis ptilorhynchus
      Barred Honey-buzzard, Pernis celebensis
      Grey-headed Kite, Leptodon cayanensis
      White-collared Kite, Leptodon forbesi
      Hook-billed Kite, Chondrohierax uncinatus
  • Subfamily Milvinae
    • Double-toothed Kite, Harpagus bidentatus
      Rufous-thighed Kite, Harpagus diodon
      Mississippi Kite, Ictinia mississippiensis
      Plumbeous Kite, Ictinia plumbea
      Snail Kite, Rostrhamus sociabilis
      Slender-billed Kite, Rostrhamus hamatus
      Whistling Kite, Haliastur sphenurus
      Brahminy Kite, Haliastur indus
      Red Kite, Milvus milvus
      Black Kite, Milvus migrans
      Black-eared Kite, Milvus lineatus
      Square-tailed Kite, Lophoictinia isura
      Black-breasted Buzzard, Hamirostra melanosternon
  • Subfamily Accipitrinae
    • Goshawk, Accipiter gentilis
      Sparrowhawk, Accipiter nisus
      Grey-bellied Goshawk, Accipiter poliogaster
      Crested Goshawk, Accipiter trivirgatus
      Sulawesi Goshawk, Accipiter griseiceps
      Red-chested Goshawk, Accipiter toussenelii
      African Goshawk, Accipiter tachiro
      Chinese Goshawk, Accipiter soloensis
      Frances' Goshawk, Accipiter francesii
      Spot-tailed Goshawk, Accipiter trinotatus
      Grey Goshawk, Accipiter novaehollandiae
      Brown Goshawk, Accipiter fasciatus
      Black-mantled Goshawk, Accipiter melanochlamys
      Pied Goshawk, Accipiter albogularis
      Fiji Goshawk, Accipiter rufitorques
      White-bellied Goshawk, Accipiter haplochrous
      Moluccan Goshawk, Accipiter henicogrammus
      Grey-headed Goshawk, Accipiter poliocephalus
      New Britain Goshawk, Accipiter princeps
      Black Goshawk, Accipiter melanoleucus
      Henst's Goshawk, Accipiter henstii
      Meyer's Goshawk, Accipiter meyerianus
      Chestnut-flanked Sparrowhawk, Accipiter castanilius
      Nicobar Sparrowhawk, Accipiter butleri
      Levant Sparrowhawk, Accipiter brevipes
      Slaty-mantled Sparrowhawk, Accipiter luteoschistaceus
      Imitator Sparrowhawk, Accipiter imitator
      Red-thighed Sparrowhawk, Accipiter erythropus
      Little Sparrowhawk, Accipiter minullus
      Japanese Sparrowhawk, Accipiter gularis
      Small Sparrowhawk, Accipiter nanus
      Rufous-necked Sparrowhawk, Accipiter erythrauchen
      Collared Sparrowhawk, Accipiter cirrocephalus
      New Britain Sparrowhawk, Accipiter brachyurus
      Vinous-breasted Sparrowhawk, Accipiter rhodogaster
      Madagascar Sparrowhawk, Accipiter madagascariensis
      Ovampo Sparrowhawk, Accipiter ovampensis
      Rufous-chested Sparrowhawk, Accipiter rufiventris
      Shikra, Accipiter badius
      Tiny Hawk, Accipiter superciliosus
      Semicollared Hawk, Accipiter collaris
      Sharp-shinned Hawk, Accipiter striatus
      White-breasted Hawk, Accipiter chionogaster
      Plain-breasted Hawk, Accipiter ventralis
      Rufous-thighed Hawk, Accipiter erythronemius
      Cooper's Hawk, Accipiter cooperii
      Gundlach's Hawk, Accipiter gundlachi
      Bicoloured Hawk, Accipiter bicolor
      Besra, Accipiter virgatus
      Gabar Goshawk, Micronisus gabar
      Dark Chanting Goshawk, Melierax metabates
      Eastern Chanting Goshawk, Melierax poliopterus
      Pale Chanting Goshawk, Melierax canorus
      Long-tailed Hawk, Urotriorchis macrourus
      Red Goshawk, Erythrotriorchis radiatus
      Chestnut-shouldered Goshawk, Erythrotriorchis buergersi
      Doria's Goshawk, Megatriorchis doriae
  • Subfamily Buteoninae
    • Black-chested Buzzard-eagle, Geranoaetus melanoleucus
      Common Buzzard, Buteo buteo
      Red-tailed Hawk, Buteo jamaicensis
      Long-legged Buzzard, Buteo rufinus
      Rough-legged Buzzard, Buteo lagopus
      Ferruginous Hawk, Buteo regalis
      Red-shouldered Hawk, Buteo lineatus
      Broad-winged Hawk, Buteo platypterus
      Swainson's Hawk, Buteo swainsoni
      Roadside Hawk, Buteo magnirostris
      Ridgway's Hawk, Buteo ridgwayi
      White-rumped Hawk, Buteo leucorrhous
      Short-tailed Hawk, Buteo brachyurus
      White-throated Hawk, Buteo albigula
      White-tailed Hawk, Buteo albicaudatus
      Galápagos Hawk, Buteo galapagoensis
      Red-backed Hawk, Buteo polyosoma
      Puna Hawk, Buteo poecilochrous
      Gray Hawk, Buteo nitidus
      Zone-tailed Hawk, Buteo albonotatus
      Hawaiian Hawk, Buteo solitarius
      Rufous-tailed Hawk, Buteo ventralis
      Mountain Buzzard, Buteo oreophilus
      Madagascar Buzzard, Buteo brachypterus
      Upland Buzzard, Buteo hemilasius
      Red-necked Buzzard, Buteo auguralis
      Augur Buzzard, Buteo augur
      Archer's Buzzard, Buteo archeri
      Jackal Buzzard, Buteo rufofuscus
      Harris' Hawk, Parabuteo unicinctus
      Common Black Hawk, Buteogallus anthracinus
      Mangrove Black Hawk, Buteogallus subtilis
      Great Black Hawk, Buteogallus urubitinga
      Rufous Crab Hawk, Buteogallus aequinoctialis
      Savanna Hawk, Buteogallus meridionalis
      Black-collared Hawk, Busarellus nigricollis
      Plumbeous Hawk, Leucopternis plumbea
      Slate-coloured Hawk, Leucopternis schistacea
      Barred Hawk, Leucopternis princeps
      Black-faced Hawk, Leucopternis melanops
      White-browed Hawk, Leucopternis kuhli
      White-necked Hawk, Leucopternis lacernulata
      Semiplumbeous Hawk, Leucopternis semiplumbea
      White Hawk, Leucopternis albicollis
      Grey-backed Hawk, Leucopternis occidentalis
      Mantled Hawk, Leucopternis polionota
      Lizard Buzzard, Kaupifalco monogrammicus
      Grasshopper Buzzard, Butastur rufipennis
      White-eyed Buzzard, Butastur teesa
      Rufous-winged Buzzard, Butastur liventer
      Grey-faced Buzzard, Butastur indicus
      Crowned Solitary Eagle, Harpyhaliaetus coronatus
      Solitary Eagle, Harpyhaliaetus solitarius
      Crested Eagle, Morphnus guianensis
      Harpy Eagle, Harpia harpyja
      Philippine Eagle, Pithecophaga jefferyi
      New Guinea Eagle, Harpyopsis novaeguineae
      Black-and-chestnut Eagle, Oroaetus isidori
      Black-and-white Hawk Eagle, Spizastur melanoleucus
      Cassin's Hawk Eagle, Spizaetus africanus
      Changeable Hawk Eagle, Spizaetus cirrhatus
      Mountain Hawk Eagle, Spizaetus nipalensis
      Blyth's Hawk Eagle, Spizaetus alboniger
      Javan Hawk Eagle, Spizaetus bartelsi
      Sulawesi Hawk Eagle, Spizaetus lanceolatus
      Philippine Hawk Eagle, Spizaetus philippensis
      Wallace's Hawk Eagle, Spizaetus nanus
      Black Hawk Eagle, Spizaetus tyrannus
      Ornate Hawk Eagle, Spizaetus ornatus
      Long-crested Eagle, Lophaetus occipitalis - possibly belongs into Ictinaetus
      Crowned Hawk Eagle, Stephanoaetus coronatus
      Martial Eagle, Polemaetus bellicosus
      Little Eagle, Hieraaetus morphnoides
      Ayres' Hawk-eagle, Hieraaetus ayresii
      Rufous-bellied Hawk-eagle, Hieraaetus kienerii
      Bonelli's Eagle, Aquila fasciata - formerly Hieraaetus fasciatus
      Booted Eagle, Aquila pennata - formerly Hieraaetus pennatus
      African Hawk-eagle, Aquila spilogastra - formerly Hieraaetus spilogaster
      Golden Eagle, Aquila chrysaetos
      Eastern Imperial Eagle, Aquila heliaca
      Spanish Imperial Eagle, Aquila adalberti
      Steppe Eagle, Aquila nipalensis
      Tawny Eagle, Aquila rapax
      Greater Spotted Eagle, Aquila clanga - to be moved to Lophaetus or Ictinaetus
      Lesser Spotted Eagle, Aquila pomarina - to be moved to Lophaetus or Ictinaetus
      Verreaux's Eagle, Aquila verreauxii
      Gurney's Eagle, Aquila gurneyi
      Wahlberg's Eagle, Aquila wahlbergi
      Wedge-tailed Eagle, Aquila audax
      Black Eagle, Ictinaetus malayensis
      White-tailed Eagle, Haliaeetus albicilla
      Bald Eagle, Haliaeetus leucocephalus
      Steller's Sea-eagle, Haliaeetus pelagicus
      African Fish-eagle, Haliaeetus vocifer
      White-bellied Sea-eagle, Haliaeetus leucogaster
      Sanford's Fish-eagle, Haliaeetus sanfordi
      Madagascar Fish-eagle, Haliaeetus vociferoides
      Pallas' Sea-eagle, Haliaeetus leucoryphus
      Lesser Fish-eagle, Ichthyophaga humilis
      Grey-headed Fish-eagle, Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus
  • Subfamily Aegypiinae: old world vultures
    • Red-headed Vulture, Sarcogyps calvus
      Eurasian Black Vulture or Monk Vulture, Aegypius monachus
      Lappet-faced Vulture, Torgos tracheliotus
      White-headed Vulture, Trigonoceps occipitalis
      Common Griffon Vulture, Gyps fulvus
      Rüppell's Vulture or Rüppell's Griffon, Gyps rueppellii
      Himalayan Griffon Vulture, Gyps himalayensis
      Cape Griffon, Gyps coprotheres
      White-backed Vulture, Gyps africanus
      Indian White-rumped Vulture, Gyps bengalensis
      Long-billed Vulture, Gyps indicus
      Egyptian Vulture, Neophron percnopterus
      Hooded Vulture, Necrosyrtes monachus
      Palm Nut Vulture, Gypohierax angolensis
      Lammergeier or Bearded Vulture, Gypaetus barbatus
  • Subfamily Circinae: harriers
    • Montagu's Harrier, Circus pygargus
      Northern Harrier, Circus cyaneus
      Western Marsh Harrier, Circus aeruginosus
      Eastern Marsh Harrier, Circus spilonotus
      African Marsh Harrier, Circus ranivorus
      Swamp Harrier, Circus approximans
      Madagascar Marsh Harrier, Circus maillardi
      Long-winged Harrier, Circus buffoni
      Spotted Harrier, Circus assimilis
      Black Harrier, Circus maurus
      Cinereous Harrier, Circus cinereus
      Pallid Harrier, Circus macrourus
      Pied Harrier, Circus melanoleucos
      Madagascar Harrier-hawk, Polyboroides radiatus
      African Harrier-hawk, Polyboroides typus
      Crane Hawk, Geranospiza caerulescens
  • Subfamily Circaetinae: snake-eagles
    • Bateleur, Terathopius ecaudatus
      Short-toed Eagle, Circaetus gallicus
      Black-chested Snake-eagle, Circaetus pectoralis
      Brown Snake-eagle, Circaetus cinereus
      Fasciated Snake-eagle, Circaetus fasciolatus
      Banded Snake-eagle, Circaetus cinerascens
      Crested Serpent-eagle, Spilornis cheela
      Nicobar Serpent-eagle, Spilornis minimus
      Mountain Serpent-eagle,Spilornis kinabaluensis
      Sulawesi Serpent-eagle, Spilornis rufipectus
      Philippine Serpent-eagle, Spilornis holospilus
      Andaman Serpent-eagle, Spilornis elgini
      Madagascar Serpent-eagle, Eutriorchis astur

See also list of birds.


  • Amaral, Karina Felipe & Jorge, Wilham (2003): The chromosomes of the Order Falconiformes: a review. Ararajuba 11(1): 65-73. PDF fulltext

External links

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| Antbird
| Apterygidae
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| Australasian treecreeper
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