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Red-crowned Parakeet, Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae
Red-crowned Parakeet, Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Cyanoramphus
Bonaparte, 1854
Cyanoramphus auriceps
Cyanoramphus erythrotis
Cyanoramphus malherbi
Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae
Cyanoramphus saisetti
Cyanoramphus ulietanus (extinct) Cyanoramphus unicolor
Cyanoramphus zealandicus (extinct)
Cyanoramphus cooki

Cyanoramphus is a genus of parakeets native to New Zealand and islands of the southern Pacific Ocean.

The list curreently accepted of Cyanoramphus taxa, following Boon et al. (2001) is:

  • Yellow-crowned Parakeet C. auriceps (Kuhl, 1820)
    Orange-fronted Parakeet C. malherbi Souancé, 1857Conservation status: Critical
  • Red-crowned Parakeet C. novaezelandiae (Sparrman, 1787)
    • New Zealand Red-crowned Parakeet C. novaezelandiae novaezelandiae
      Chatham Island Red-crowned Parakeet C. novaezelandiae chathamensis
  • Forbes' Parakeet C. forbesi (formerly considered a subspecies of C. auriceps).
    Antipodes Island Parakeet C. unicolor
    Black-fronted Parakeet C. zealandicus (extinct)
    Subantarctic Red-crowned Parakeet C. erythrotis
    • Macquarie Island Red-crowned Parakeet C. erythrotis erythrotis (extinct; formerly considered a subspecies of C. novaezelandiae).
      Reischek's Parakeet C. erythrotis hochstetteri (formerly considered a subspecies of C. novaezelandiae).
  • New Caledonia Red-crowned Parakeet C. saisetti (formerly considered a subspecies of C. novaezelandiae).
    Norfolk Island Parakeet C. cooki (formerly considered a subspecies of C. novaezelandiae).
    Society Parakeet C. ulietanus (extinct)

The two forms of C. erythrotis may be distinct species: the single specimen believed to be from Macquarie Island (Canterbury Museum specimen AV2099, O'Connor catalog 369) in Boon et al.'s analysis has turned out to be from the Antipodes Islands population (hochstetteri) instead (Scofield, 2005).


  • Boon, W.M.; Kearvell, J.; Daugherty, C. H.; Chambers, G. K. (2001): Molecular systematics and conservation of kakariki (Cyanoramphus spp.). Science for Conservation 176 PDF fulltext
  • Scofield, R. Paul (2005): The supposed Macquarie Island parakeet in the collection of Canterbury Museum. Notornis 52(2): 117-120. PDF fulltext

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