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Birds Guide


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Straw-necked Ibis
Straw-necked Ibis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Ciconiiformes
Family: Threskiornithidae
Subfamily: Threskiornithinae
Poche, 1904

Ibises are a group of long-legged wading birds in the family Threskiornithidae. They all have long downcurved bills, and usually feed as a group, probing mud for food items, usually crustaceans. Most species nest in trees, often with spoonbills or herons.

According to folklore, the ibis is the last form of wildlife to take shelter prior to a hurricane and the first to reappear after the storm passes. The ibis was also an object of religious veneration in ancient Egypt, particularly associated with the god, Thoth.

The name ibis comes from Greek borrowed from Ancient Egyptian hb.

The ibis has gained notoriety in American collegiate football, where an ibis named Sebastian the Ibis is the official mascot of the University of Miami, one of the most successful collegiate football program of the past 25 years.

The ibis family is one of the families in the order Ciconiiformes, which also includes other wading bird families:


  • Genus Threskiornis
    • Sacred Ibis, Threskiornis aethiopicus
      Madagascar Sacred Ibis, Threskiornis bernieri
      Runion Sacred Ibis, Threskiornis solitarius extinct
      Black-headed Ibis, Threskiornis melanocephalus
      Australian White Ibis, Threskiornis molucca
      Straw-necked Ibis, Threskiornis spinicollis
  • Genus Pseudibis
    • Indian Black Ibis, Pseudibis papillosa
      White-shouldered Ibis, Pseudibis davisoni
  • Genus Thaumatibis
    • Giant Ibis, Thaumatibis gigantea
  • Genus Geronticus
    • Northern Bald Ibis, Geronticus eremita
      Southern Bald Ibis, Geronticus calvus
  • Genus Nipponia
    • Japanese Crested Ibis, Nipponia nippon
  • Genus Bostrychia
    • Olive Ibis, Bostrychia olivacea
      Dwarf Olive Ibis, Bostrychia bocagei
      Spot-breasted Ibis, Bostrychia rara
      Hadada Ibis, Bostrychia hagedash
      Wattled Ibis, Bostrychia carunculata
  • Genus Theristicus
    • Plumbeous Ibis, Theristicus caerulescens
      Buff-necked Ibis, Theristicus caudatus
      Andean Ibis, Theristicus branickii
      Black-faced Ibis, Theristicus melanopis
  • Genus Cercibis
    • Sharp-tailed Ibis, Cercibis oxycerca
  • Genus Mesembrinibis
    • Green Ibis, Mesembrinibis cayennensis
  • Genus Phimosus
    • Whispering Ibis, Phimosus infuscatus
  • Genus Eudocimus
    • American White Ibis, Eudocimus albus
      Scarlet Ibis, Eudocimus ruber
  • Genus Plegadis
    • Glossy Ibis, Plegadis falcinellus
      White-faced Ibis, Plegadis chihi
      Puna Ibis, Plegadis ridgwayi
  • Genus Lophotibis
    • Madagascar Crested Ibis, Lophotibis cristata
Sacred Ibis
Sacred Ibis
Australian White Ibis
Australian White Ibis
American White Ibis
American White Ibis
Scarlet Ibis
Scarlet Ibis
Young Scarlet Ibis behind a fence
Young Scarlet Ibis behind a fence

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This guide is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia.

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