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Birds Guide

Melanocharitidae

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Melanocharitidae
 
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
 
Phylum: Chordata
 
Class: Aves
 
Order: Passeriformes
 
Family: Melanocharitidae
Sibley & Ahlquist, 1985
Genera
Melanocharis
Sclater, 1858,
Toxorhamphus
Stresemann, 1914

The Melanocharitidae, the berrypeckers and longbills, is a small bird family restricted to the forests of New Guinea. The family was once placed inside the Flowerpecker family Dicaeidae. It comprises ten species in two genera:

  • Melanocharis
    • Obscure Berrypecker, Melanocharis arfakiana
      Black Berrypecker, Melanocharis nigra
      Lemon-breasted Berrypecker, Melanocharis longicauda
      Fan-tailed Berrypecker, Melanocharis versteri
      Streaked Berrypecker, Melanocharis striativentris
      Spotted Berrypecker, Melanocharis crassirostris
  • Toxorhamphus
    • Yellow-bellied Longbill, Toxorhamphus novaeguineae
      Slaty-chinned Longbill, Toxorhamphus poliopterus
      Dwarf Honeyeater, Toxorhamphus iliolophus
      Pygmy Honeyeater, Toxorhamphus pygmaeum

These are medium-sized birds which feed on fruit and some insects and other invertebrates. They have drab coloured plumage in greys, browns or black and white. The berrypeckers resemble stout short-billed honeyeaters, and the longbills are like drab sunbirds.

Melanocharitidae species are usually seen alone or in pairs; they build a cup nest and lay one or two eggs.

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