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Birds Guide

Leucosticte

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Mountain finches
 
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
 
Phylum: Chordata
 
Class: Aves
 
Order: Passeriformes
 
Family: Fringillidae
 
Subfamily: Carduelinae
 
Genus: Leucosticte
Swainson, 1832
Species
See text.

The mountain finches are birds in the genus Leucosticte from the true finch family Fringillidae. This genus also includes the rosy finches named from their pinkish plumage. They are apparently closely related to the bullfinches (Marten & Johnson, 1986) and to the Pine Grosbeak (Arnaiz-Villena et al., 2001), diverging from them not quite a dozen mya, at the end of the Middle Miocene.

These birds are typically found in barren mountainous regions. Many species eat more insect material than other finches.

The full list of species is:

  • Plain Mountain Finch, Leucosticte nemoricola
    Black-headed Mountain Finch, Leucosticte brandti
    Tawny-headed Mountain Finch, Leucosticte sillemi
    Asian Rosy Finch, Leucosticte arctoa
    Gray-crowned Rosy Finch, Leucosticte tephrocotis
    Black Rosy Finch, Leucosticte atrata
    Brown-capped Rosy Finch, Leucosticte australis

References

  • Arnaiz-Villena, A.; Guillén, J.; Ruiz-del-Valle, V.; Lowy, E.; Zamora, J.; Varela, P.; Stefani, D. & Allende, L. M. (2001): Phylogeography of crossbills, bullfinches, grosbeaks, and rosefinches. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences 58: 1159–1166. PDF fulltext
  • Marten, Jill A. & Johnson, Ned K. (1986): Genetic relationships of North American cardueline finches. Condor 88(4): 409-420. PDF fulltext

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| Coccothraustes
| Eophona
| Euphoniinae
| Fringilla
| Grosbeak
| Leucosticte
| Loxia
| Pinicola
| Pyrrhula
| Rhodopechys
| Seedeater
| Serinus

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