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Crested Wood Partridge. The male has the red crest
Crested Wood Partridge. The male has the red crest
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Galliformes
Family: Phasianidae
  • Perdix
  • Alectoris
  • Lerwa
  • Bambusicola
  • Ptilopachus
  • Rollulus
  • Haematortyx
  • Caloperdix
  • Arborophila
  • Xenoperdix
  • Melanoperdix

†See also Pheasant

Partridges are birds in the pheasant family, Phasianidae. They are a non-migratory Old World group.

These are medium-sized birds intermediate between the large pheasants and the small quails. The partridges are ground-nesting seed-eaters. Many species are hunted for sport or food as game.

Species list

  • Genus Lerwa
    • Snow Partridge, Lerwa lerwa
  • Genus Alectoris
    • Arabian Partridge, Alectoris melanocephala
      Przevalski's Partridge, Alectoris magna
      Rock Partridge, Alectoris graeca
      Chukar, Alectoris chukar (National bird of Pakistan)
      Philby's Partridge, Alectoris philbyi
      Barbary Partridge, Alectoris barbara
      Red-legged Partridge, Alectoris rufa
  • Genus Ammoperdix
    • See-see Partridge, Ammoperdix griseogularis
      Sand Partridge, Ammoperdix heyi
  • Genus Perdix
    • Grey Partridge, Perdix perdix
      Daurian Partridge, Perdix dauurica
      Tibetan Partridge, Perdix hodgsoniae
  • Genus Rhizothera
    • Long-billed Partridge, Rhizothera longirostris
  • Genus Margaroperdix
    • Madagascar Partridge, Margaroperdix madagascarensis
  • Genus Melanoperdix
    • Black Wood-partridge, Melanoperdix nigra
  • Genus Xenoperdix
    • Rubeho Forest Partridge, Xenoperdix obscuratus
      Udzungwa Forest Partridge, Xenoperdix udzungwensis
  • Genus Arborophila, the hill partridges
    • Common Hill Partridge, Arborophila torqueola
      Sichuan Hill Partridge, Arborophila rufipectus
      Chestnut-breasted Hill Partridge, Arborophila mandellii
      Collared Hill Partridge, Arborophila gingica
      Rufous-throated Hill Partridge, Arborophila rufogularis
      White-cheeked Hill Partridge, Arborophila atrogularis
      Taiwan Hill Partridge, Arborophila crudigularis
      Hainan Hill Partridge, Arborophila ardens
      Chestnut-bellied Partridge, Arborophila javanica
      Grey-breasted Hill Partridge, Arborophila orientalis
      Brown-breasted Hill Partridge, Arborophila brunneopectus
      Orange-necked Hill Partridge, Arborophila davidi
      Chestnut-headed Hill Partridge, Arborophila cambodiana
      Bornean Hill Partridge, Arborophila hyperythra
      Red-billed Hill Partridge, Arborophila rubrirostris
      Green-legged Hill Partridge, Arborophila chloropus
      Annam Hill Partridge, Arborophila merlini
      Chestnut-necklaced Hill Partridge, Arborophila charltonii
  • Genus Caloperdix
    • Ferruginous Wood Partridge, Caloperdix oculea
  • Genus Haematortyx
    • Crimson-headed Partridge, Haematortyx sanguiniceps
  • Genus Rollulus
    • Crested Wood Partridge, Rollulus roulroul
  • Genus Ptilopachus
    • Stone Partridge, Ptilopachus petrosus
  • Genus Bambusicola
    • Mountain Bamboo Partridge, Bambusicola fytchii
    • Chinese Bamboo Partridge, Bambusicola thoracica

The partridge in culture

The partridge is also the subject of a popular English Christmas song, the Twelve Days of Christmas.

The Sanskrit term Kapinjala, rendered as "francoline partridge" or "heathcock" by translators, appears as a mythical bird in the Rigveda (RV 2.42, 43) and is identified as an aspect of Indra.

External links

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This guide is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia.

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