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| Troglodytes

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Cactus Wren
Cactus Wren
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Troglodytidae
Swainson, 1832
Pheugopedius Cyphorhinus

The true wrens are members of a mainly New World passerine bird family Troglodytidae containing 79 species.

A troglodyte means a cave-dweller, and wrens get their scientific name from the tendency of some species to forage in dark crevices. They are mainly small and inconspicuous except for their loud songs. These birds have short wings and a thin down-turned bill. Several species often hold their tails upright. All are insectivorous.

Only one species, Troglodytes troglodytes, known as the Winter Wren in North America, occurs in the Old World, where it is commonly known simply as the Wren.

The 27 Australasian "wren" species are unrelated and are in the family Maluridae, as are the New Zealand "wrens" in the family Acanthisittidae.

The wren is to become the next official mascot of The College of William and Mary.

Species list

This list follows the review by Mann et al. (2006).

  • Genus Donacobius
    • Black-capped Donacobius Donacobius atricapillus
  • Genus Odontorchilus
    • Gray-mantled Wren Odontorchilus branickii
      Tooth-billed Wren Odontorchilus cinereus
  • Genus Salpinctes
    • Rock Wren Salpinctes obsoletus
  • Genus Microcerculus
    • Flutist Wren Microcerculus ustulatus
      Nightingale Wren Microcerculus philomela
      Scaly-breasted Wren Microcerculus marginatus
      Wing-banded Wren Microcerculus bambla
  • Genus Catherpes
    • Canyon Wren Catherpes mexicanus
  • Genus Hylorchilus
    • Nava's Wren Hylorchilus navai
      Slender-billed Wren Hylorchilus sumichrasti
  • Genus Campylorhynchus
    • Band-backed Wren Campylorhynchus zonatus
      Bicolored Wren Campylorhynchus griseus
      Boucard's Wren Campylorhynchus jocosus
      Cactus Wren Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus
      Fasciated Wren Campylorhynchus fasciatus
      Giant Wren Campylorhynchus chiapensis
      Gray-barred Wren Campylorhynchus megalopterus
      Rufous-naped Wren Campylorhynchus rufinucha
      Spotted Wren Campylorhynchus gularis
      Stripe-backed Wren Campylorhynchus nuchalis
      Thrush-like Wren Campylorhynchus turdinus
      White-headed Wren Campylorhynchus albobrunneus
      Yucatan Wren Campylorhynchus yucatanicus
  • Genus Thryomanes
    • Bewick's Wren Thryomanes bewickii
  • Genus Thryothorus
    • Carolina Wren Thryothorus ludovicianus
      • White-browed Wren Thryothorus (l.) albinucha
  • Genus Cinnycerthia
    • Fulvous Wren Cinnycerthia fulva
      Peruvian Wren Cinnycerthia peruana
      Rufous Wren Cinnycerthia unirufa
      Sharpe's Wren Cinnycerthia olivascens
  • Genus Cantorchilus (formerly Thryothorus)
    • Stripe-breasted Wren Cantorchilus thoracicus
      Stripe-throated Wren Cantorchilus leucopogon
      Plain Wren Cantorchilus modestus
      Riverside Wren Cantorchilus semibadius
      Bay Wren Cantorchilus nigricapillus
      Superciliated Wren Cantorchilus superciliaris
      Buff-breasted Wren Cantorchilus leucotis (probably not monophyletic)
      Fawn-breasted Wren Cantorchilus guarayanus
      Long-billed Wren Cantorchilus longirostris
  • Genus Thryophilus (formerly Thryothorus)
    • Gray Wren Thryophilus griseus (placement in genus requires confirmation)
      Rufous-and-white Wren Thryophilus rufalbus
      Niceforo's Wren Thryophilus nicefori
      Sinaloa Wren Thryophilus sinaloa
      Banded Wren Thryophilus pleurostictus
  • Genus Pheugopedius (formerly Thryothorus)
    • Moustached Wren Pheugopedius genibarbis
      Coraya Wren Pheugopedius coraya
      Whiskered Wren Pheugopedius mystacalis
      Plain-tailed Wren Pheugopedius euophrys
      Black-bellied Wren Pheugopedius fasciatoventris
      Black-throated Wren Pheugopedius atrogularis
      Speckle-breasted Wren Pheugopedius sclateri
      Sooty-headed Wren Pheugopedius spadix
      Happy Wren Pheugopedius felix
      Inca Wren Pheugopedius eisenmanni
      Rufous-breasted Wren Pheugopedius rutilus
      Spot-breasted Wren Pheugopedius maculipectus
  • Genus Cyphorhinus
    • Chestnut-breasted Wren Cyphorhinus thoracicus
      Musician Wren Cyphorhinus aradus
      Song Wren Cyphorhinus phaeocephalus
  • Genus Uropsila
    • White-bellied Wren Uropsila leucogastra
  • Genus Thryorchilus
    • Timberline Wren Thryorchilus browni
  • Genus Henicorhina
    • Bar-winged Wood Wren Henicorhina leucoptera
      Gray-breasted Wood Wren Henicorhina leucophrys
      White-breasted Wood Wren Henicorhina leucosticta
      Munchique Wood-wren, Henicorhina negreti
Winter Wren (Troglodytes troglodytes)Stamp FR 345 of Postverk Føroya, Faroe IslandsIssued: 22 February 1999Artist: Astrid Andreasen
Winter Wren (Troglodytes troglodytes)
Stamp FR 345 of Postverk Føroya, Faroe Islands
Issued: 22 February 1999
Artist: Astrid Andreasen
  • Genus Troglodytes
    • Clarion Island Wren Troglodytes tanneri
      Cobb's Wren Troglodytes cobbi
      House Wren Troglodytes aedon
      Socorro Wren Trodlodytes sissonii (sometimes placed in Thryomanes)
      Mountain Wren Troglodytes solstitialis
      Ochraceous Wren Troglodytes ochraceus
      Rufous-browed Wren Troglodytes rufociliatus
      Santa Marta Wren Troglodytes monticola
      Tepui Wren Troglodytes rufulus
      Winter Wren Troglodytes troglodytes (sometimes monotypic genus Nannus)
  • Genus Cistothorus
    • Apolinar's Wren Cistothorus apolinari
      Marsh Wren Cistothorus palustris
      Paramo Wren Cistothorus meridae
      Sedge Wren Cistothorus platensis
  • Genus Ferminia
    • Zapata Wren Ferminia cerverai


  • Mann, Nigel I.; Barker, F. Keith; Graves, Jeff A.; Dingess-Mann, Kimberly A. & Slater, Peter J. B. (2006): Molecular data delineate four genera of "Thryothorus" wrens. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 40: 750–759. DOI:10.1016/j.ympev.2006.04.014 (HTML abstract)

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