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American Curl

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American Curl
American Curl
Country of origin
United States
Breed standards (external links)
CFA, ACFA-shorthair, ACFA-longhair,

The American Curl is a breed of cat with unusual ears. The ears curl back from the face in a smooth arc toward the center of the back of the skull; they are otherwise perfectly normal cats. The breed is the result of a spontaneous mutation which occurred in a cat in Lakewood, California in 1981. The first cat, a black female domestic cat, was found and taken in by the Ruga family who named her Shulamith. All American Curls descend from her, the foundation female. In 1983, the first American Curl was exhibited at a cat show, and in 1987, the longhair American Curl was given championship status by The International Cat Association (TICA). In 1993, the American Curl set a precedent in the Cat Fanciers' Association (CFA) by being the first breed to be admitted to the Championship Class as one breed with two coat lengths. The American Curl is a medium size cat (7-11 lbs) with no health handicaps associated with the curled ears. They are strong, healthy cats remarkably free of genetic defects that affect many purebred cats, and will not reach maturity until 2-3 years of age. The The American Curl may have either curled ears or straight ears. If the cat's ears are curled, it will not be apparent until two or three days after the birth, and will take their final form after four months. The curled ears should be hard and stiff to the touch. The longhairs have a plush, silky coat, and the shorthairs have a thick, non-wooly coat, and is also silky. The American Curl may have three degrees of curl - first degree, second degree, or third degree. The third degree is the preferred one. Luxurious tufts of fur sprout from the bottom of the ears. The straight ear American Curl has all of the loving personality of the curled ear American Curl but may not be shown. The American Curl comes in two coat lengths - either long haired or short haired. The American Curl comes in all colors.

The American Curl, while still an uncommon breed, is found across the world from the United States to Spain, France, Japan, Russia, and many other countries.

The character "Ray" from the comic strip Achewood is an American Curl.

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