The Japanese Bobtail is
of cat with an
unusual 'bobbed' tail more closely resembling the tail of a
that of an ordinary feline. The short tail is caused by the expression of a
recessive gene. Thus, so long as both parents are bobtails, all kittens born
to a litter will have bobtails as well. Unlike the
and other cat breeds, where genetic disorders are common to tailless or
stumpy-tails, no such problem exists with the Japanese Bobtail.
The bobtail is a small oriental cat native to
Japan and Southeast Asia. The breed has been known in Japan for centuries, and
there are many legends and myths, as well as pieces of ancient art, featuring
it. The Maneki Neko, or 'beckoning cat' is a bobtail.
Japanese bobtails may have almost any colour, but calico (called "Mi-ke",
meaning "three-fur") or bi-colours are especially favoured by the Japanese.The
Japanese Bobtail is a breed of domestic cat that originate in Japan, for many
centuries; it is featured in many ancient prints and paintings.
Breed Standard: Japanese Bobtail
HEAD: The head should form an equilateral triangle. (Not including ears)
EARS: Large, upright, set wide apart but at right angles to the head and
looking as if alert.
MUZZLE: Fairly broad and round neither pointed nor blunt.
EYES: Large, oval rather than round. They should not bulge out beyond the
cheekbone or the forehead.
BODY: Medium in size, males larger than females. Long torso, lean and
elegant, showing well developed muscular strength. Also balance is very very
NECK: Not to long and not to short, in proportion to the length of the body.
LEGS: Long, slender, and high. The hind legs longer than the forelegs,
PAWS: Oval. Toes: five in front and four behind.
COAT (SHORTHAIR): Medium length, soft and silk.
COAT (LONGHAIR): Length medium-long to long, texture soft and silky gradually
lengthening toward the rump.
TAIL: The tail must be clearly visible and is made up of one or more curves.
POINT SCORE HEAD... 20 TYPE... 30 TAIL... 20 COLOR and MARKINGS... 20 COAT...
The earliest written evidence of cats in Japan indicates that they arrived from
China or Korea at least 1,000 years ago. In 1602, Japanese authorities decreed
that all cats should be set free to help deal with rodents threatening the
silk-worms. Buying or selling cats was illegal, and from then on, bobtailed cats
lived on farms and in the streets. So,the Japanese Bobtails are the "street
cats" of Japan. In 1968 the late Elizabeth Freret imported the first three
Japanese Bobtails to the United States from Japan. The beckoning cat, which is a
Bobtail seated with one paw raised. Considered to be a good-luck charm, a
maneki-neko statue is often found in the front of stores. Look around the next
Japanese restaurant you visit you’ll likely spot one. In 2001 the first
registered litter of Bobtails in the UK were bred under the "Solstans" prefix.
They usually have litters of three to four kittens that are extremely large
for newborns. Compared to other breeds, they are active earlier, and walk
earlier. Affectionate and generally sweet-tempered. Enjoys supervising household
chores and baby-sitting. Well-defined sense of family life. They are active,
intelligent, talkative cats. Their soft voices are capable of nearly a whole
scale of tones; some people say they sing. Since they adore human companionship
they almost always speak when spoken to. Because of their human-oriented
personality they are easy to teach tricks and enjoy learning things like walking
on a harness and lead.