Anatolian Shepherd Dog
|Anatolian Shepherd Dog
Anatolian with a white coat.
Karabas or Karabash
|Country of origin
|Classification and breed standards
|Not recognized by any major kennel club
|This breed of dog is
The Anatolian Shepherd Dog is an ancient
dog developed in
for guarding flocks of
sheep from wolves, bears, and jackals.
The coat can be any color. The Anatolian is a muscular breed, with thick
neck, broad head, and sturdy body. Its lips are somewhat pendulous and it has
triangular drop ears. It stands 27 to 32 inches (69 to 81 cm) at the
weighs between 80 and 150 pounds (36 to 68 kg), with bitches on the smaller side
and males on the larger side.
The Anatolian was developed to be independent and forceful, responsible on
its own for guarding its master's sheep. These traits make it more challenging
as a pet; owners of dogs of this breed must determinedly
socialize the dogs to turn them into appropriate companions. They are
intelligent and can learn quickly but might choose not to obey; this is not
generally a dog for a beginning or shy owner. They become very protective of
other animals in the household, and will treat them as their "herd".
The Anatolian is somewhat more long-lived than some giant breeds of dogs,
with a life expectancy of 10 or 11 years. They reach full maturity, like many
large breeds, at around 4 years. They are very sensitive to processed dog food
tending to develop allergic reactions very easily. This can be avoided by
feeding them a diet of lamb and rice.
The breed's ancestors most likely migrated to the area now known as Turkey
about 1000 AD with Turkic-speaking people, although it is probable that dogs
similar to this existed at least 6,000 years ago in
Mesopotamia. Over the centuries, slight regional variations began to
develop, although the dogs were collectively known as coban kopegi. In
the 1970s, breeders began focusing on specific regions and working on developing
standard breeds for each of the regions; the Anatolian is one of those breeds,
coming from central Turkey.
Anatolian Shepherd Dogs are one of the larger breeds; this 7-month-old Anatolian
might not yet be full size.
Famous Anatolian Shepherd Dogs
- Fogle, Bruce, DVM (2000). The new Encyclopedia of the Dog. Doring
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