|Country of origin
|Classification and breed standards
||Group 5 Section 6 #273
||Group 7 (Nonsporting)
||Group 3 (Working Dogs)
|Not recognized by any major kennel club
|This breed of dog is
The Canaan Dog is a
dog that has existed
Middle East for centuries.
The Canaan Dog comes in more
almost all other registered breeds. Its shape, body type, and size can vary
widely, but the dogs are generally of medium size and often
possible colors include
cream. Their bodies are generally lean with a distinctive shape.
Males are distinctly masculine with coarse hair, while
expected to be feminine, without over refinement.
- Height: 19-24
inches (48-61 cm)
- Weight: 37-57
pounds (16-25 kg)
Canaan Dogs make good house pets. When treated kindly, the dogs work hard and
are not aggressive. Extremely intelligent and good at problem solving, these
dogs are very useful even in today's society. The breed is loyal and loving.
The Canaan Dog began in ancient times as a
in Israel. This
dog is one of the oldest, dating back to
The Canaan Dog was the guard and herd dog of the ancient Israelites, guarding
their camps and flocks. They were plentiful in the region until the dispersion
of the Israelites by the
more than 2,000 years ago. As the Hebrew population dropped, the majority of the
dogs sought refuge in the
Desert, a natural reservoir of Israeli wildlife. Avoiding extinction, they
remained undomesticated for the most part, although some lived with the
and earned their keep by guarding the herds and camps. Some were also guards for
the Druze on
They survived this way until Dr.
Rudolphina Menzel came up with the idea to use these intelligent
dogs mainly found in the
guard dogs for the scattered
settlements. She initiated a selective breeding program to produce the breed
known today as the Canaan Dog.
Canaan Dogs in the U.S.
September 7, 1965,
Ursula Berkowitz of
Oxnard, California, imported the first four Canaan Dogs with the idea of
establishing the breed in the
United States. The Canaan Dog Club of America was formed the same year, and
stud book records were kept from these first reports.
In June 1989, the Canaan
Dog entered the
American Kennel Club Miscellaneous Class and dogs were registered in the AKC
Stud Book as of
June 1, 1997.
The dogs began competing in conformation on
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