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Dogs

Dog Breeding

Backyard Breeder
 | Breed Club
 | Breed Registry
 | Breed Standard
 | Crossbreed
 | Dog Hybrids and Crossbreeds
 | Fault
 | Pedigree
 | Puppy Mills
 | Purebreds
 | Selective Breeding
 | Snuppy
 | Stud Master

From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia, by MultiMedia

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Dog breeding is the vocation of mating carefully selected specimens of the same breed to reproduce specific, consistently replicable qualities and characteristics.

Litters of puppies and their mothers should have clean, comfortable bedding. Litters of puppies and their mothers should have clean, comfortable bedding.

At its best, breeding is a blend of science and art. The skilled breeder has at least general knowledge of genetics and health, and in-depth knowledge of the breed standard and conformation points of his chosen breed. Most breeders are fiercely loyal to their dogs, and are concerned about each individual animal.

At worst, breeding can be a slipshod enterprise in which the major concern is profit, with little regard to the health and welfare of the dogs involved. These often take the form of so-called ‘backyard breeders’ (the term for random or ignorant breeding conducted on a small scale), and ‘puppy mills’ or ‘puppy farms’ (larger businesses). It must be pointed out, however, that many excellent breeders run small-scale programs in their homes, barns, or back yards, and there are profitable large-scale operations run with knowledgeable staff and superlative veterinary care, so size and motive alone are not indicative of the quality of the breeding program.

The birth of a litter of purebred puppies is recorded on a breed registry maintained by an all-breed kennel club or a breed club. Such registries are not the exclusive province of show dogs, as is sometimes thought; the clubs of working dogs also maintain records of their dogs’ lineage.

A responsible breeder checks each puppy for health and conformation. A responsible breeder checks each puppy for health and conformation.

Requirements for the breeding of registered purebreds vary from club to club. Most breed clubs allow for any registered puppy to be bred from once it reaches a suitable age. Some clubs maintain an adjunct or limited register, for puppies of purebred parents not deemed to have the qualities for showing or breeding, or who exhibit a fault. A few clubs, such as the Swiss breed club of the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog, the Jack Russell Terrier Club of America and the Mini Foxie Club of Australia, Inc. have additional, strict requirements for the certification of adult dogs before breeding.

Future of Breeding

Snuppy, the first cloned dog, shows that it is possible to produce a dog that is the genetic twin of another dog, although it is still difficult and expensive to do so. It is possible that, in the future, it might be possible, and some people might choose, to create a twin of their favorite pet or of an admired champion dog rather than to adopt a dog or to wait for the outcome of a mating between two preferred parents. If taken to an extreme, this would mean that people would be able to review photos of breed champions, read their descriptions, and choose one to duplicate, which would be cloned on demand.

See also


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This guide is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia.

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