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Dogue de Bordeaux

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Dogue de Bordeaux
Male Dogue
Male Dogue
Alternative names
French Mastiff
Bordeaux Bulldog
Country of origin
Common nicknames
Classification and breed standards
FCI: Group 2 Section 2 #116  
AKC: Under FSS  
ANKC: Utility  
KC (UK): Working  
NZKC: Utility  
UKC: Guardian Dogs  
Not recognized by any major kennel club
This breed of dog is extinct

Dogue de Bordeaux is a breed of dog that is strong, powerful, and imposing, as it was originally bred for dog fighting and guarding.


The height at the withers is typically 23 to 26 inches for show dogs and the weight of the male Dogues is in excess of 100 pounds. Dogs standing 30 inches tall at the withers and weighing up to 145 pounds are not unknown.


The Dogue de Bordeaux was known in France as early as the fourteenth century. Dog fighting was popular in the nineteenth century, particularly in southern France in the region around Bordeaux. Hence, the city lent its name to these large fighting dogs.

A uniform breed type of the Bordeaux Dog did not exist before about 1920. The French placed emphasis on keeping the old breeding line pure. Black masks were considered an indication of the crossing in of the Mastiff. As an important indication of purity of the breed, attention was paid to the leather-coloured nose, light eyes, and red mask. Originally bred with huge anatomically incorrect heads; a pioneer for the breed in Germany, Werner Preugschat once wrote:

"What am I supposed to do with a dog that has a monstrous skull and is at most able to carry it from the food dish to its bed."

The Dogue de Bordeaux comes in two varieties, Dogues and Doguins, the former being a considerably larger dog than the latter. Breeding of the Doguins has been seriously neglected in recent years and the variety has dwindled to near nonexistence.

New initiatives will soon be required if the Bordeaux Dog can hope to flourish again both inside and outside of France. It is hoped that the few remaining survivors of this interesting old breed will be sufficient for its recovery.


Dogue de Bordeaux is the breed of the dog cast as Hooch in the movie Turner & Hooch

The breed is also recognized by the following kennel clubs:


Janish, Joseph. Dogue de Bordeaux Kennel Club Books, 2003. ISBN 1593782152

External links

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