English Cocker Spaniel
Red English Cocker Spaniel
|Country of origin
|Classification and breed standards
||Group 8 Section 2 #005
||Group 3 (Gundogs)
||Group 1 - Sporting Dogs
||Gun Dog Breeds
|Not recognized by any major kennel club
|This breed of dog is
The English Cocker Spaniel is a
dog. It is one of
several varieties of
somewhat resembles its American cousin, the
American Cocker Spaniel, although it's closer to the working-dog form of the
Spaniel and the
Springer Spaniel. Outside the US, the breed is usually known simply as the
Cocker Spaniel, as is the American Cocker Spaniel within the US. Due to
the breed's happy disposition and continuously wagging tail, it has been given
the nickname "merry cocker".
The Cocker is a sturdy, compact, well-balanced dog. It has a characteristic
expression showing intelligence and alertness. Its eyes should be dark and its
lobular ears should reach the tip of the nose when pulled forward. The breed's
slightly loose skin and feathered coat allow it to fight through any brush
unharmed. The Cocker's tail is customarily
docked in North
- Dogs: 15-17
inches (38–43 cm)
- Bitches: 15-16 inches (38–41 cm)
- Dogs: 28–34
- Bitches: 27–32 lb (12-15 kg)
Show dogs are restricted to certain colours dependent on country, whereas
working Cockers can be any of a wide variety of colours. They come in solid (or
self) colours, where white is restricted to only the chest in show dogs,
Cockers are renowned for their friendly, faithful, playful, and affectionate
natures. They are easily trained and make a good medium-sized family pet. Very
few Cockers have temperament problems; in a
consisting of 487 cockers, only 1% of the dogs were aggressive to people and 2%
were aggressive to other dogs
The Cocker is generally a healthy breed. Its main health problems are
progressive retinal atrophy,
kidney disease, and
dysplasia. They are also often prone to ear infections because of their
They live for approximately 13 to 14 years on average.
Young English Cocker Spaniel with long tail
In the 1800s, small spaniels were developed to help flush and retrieve game.
The best hunters were used for breeding. This created the most efficient puppies
for the next generation, but the outcome of these hunters was not very
consistent, so a split was made. Essentially only the sizes of the pups counted
The Kennel Club divided the dogs by weight alone. If a dog weighed under 25
lbs, it was classed as a Cocker Spaniel (as its primary use was to hunt
If it weighed over 25 lbs, it was a Springer Spaniel (which was used to "spring"
When showing, the new Springer and Cocker, both were in the
same class until The Spaniel Club, which was formed in 1885, created
breed standards for each of the types. The Kennel Club separated the two
types eight years later. Since then, the Springer and Cocker enthusiasts have
bred in the separate traits that they desired. Today, the breed differ in more
ways than weight alone.
In America, the American Cocker type was forming. As a result, the English
Cocker lost favor. The two Cocker Spaniels were shown together until 1936, when
the English Cocker received status as a separate breed. The American Kennel Club
granted a separate breed designation for the English Cocker Spaniel in 1946.
This breed, like many others with origins as
dogs, has genetic lines that focus on
working-dog skills and other lines that focus on ensuring that the dog's
appearance conforms to the breed standard, these are the "show" and "working"
War II, the show-bred Cocker Spaniel increased enormously in popular appeal
and, for a period of time, was the most numerous
Club registered breed. This popularity increased the view that all the
spaniels were useless as
dogs. However, for many dogs this is untrue, as even some show bred cockers
have retained their working instinct to this day.
Today, this breed is beginning to experience a resurgence in usage as a
working dog. Their happy and inquisitive personality makes them ideal
detection dogs. Dogs from working lines, often refered to as "Field-Bred"
cockers are noticably distinct in appearance. As is the case with the English
Springer, the working type has been bred exclusively to perform in the field as
a hunting companion. Their coat is shorter and ears less pendulous than the
Show-Bred type. Although registered as the same breed, the two strains have
diverged significanlty enough that they are rarely crossed.
Working-dog lines often have physical characteristics that would prevent them
from winning in the
such as heads that are more domed than desired or other traits. This most likely
is a result of the
crossbreeding of other breeds into the working lines to enhance the working
skills for much longer than occurred with the show lines. Eventually,
club rules prohibited the crossbreeding of other breeds, and working-line
Cockers today show less variation than in the past.
Home | Up | English Cocker Spaniel | English Foxhound | English Mastiff | English Pointer | English Setter | English Shepherd | English Springer Spaniel | English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan) | Entlebucher Mountain Dog | Estrela Mountain Dog | Eurasier | Eurohound
Dogs, made by MultiMedia | Free content and software
This guide is licensed under the GNU
Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia.
Recommend This Page To A Friend!