English White Terrier
|English White Terrier
|Old English Terrier
Old White English Terrier
|Country of origin
|Classification and breed standards
|Not recognized by any major kennel club
|This breed of dog is
The White English Terrier is an
dog, one of many
English White Terrier with Black and Tan Terrier
The White English Terrier colour was an intensely brilliant
white and its
eyes very black
and sparkling, with the
being preferred. Nearly all the 'purely' white animals were deaf and were only
redeemed from the infirmity by the nose, or a few scattered and so invisible
The following is the description laid down by the White English Terrier Club:
- HEAD–Narrow, long and level, almost flat skull, without cheek muscles,
wedge-shaped, well filled up under the eyes, tapering to the nose, and not
- EYES–Small and black, set fairly close together, and oblong in shape.
- NOSE–Perfectly black.
- EARS–Cropped and standing perfectly erect.
- NECK AND SHOULDERS–The neck should be fairly long and tapering from the
shoulders to the head, with sloping shoulders, the neck being free from
throatiness, and slightly arched at the occiput.
- CHEST–Narrow and deep. BODY–Short and curving upwards at the loins,
sprung out behind the shoulders, back slightly arched at loins, and falling
again at the joining of the tail to the same height as the shoulders.
- LEGS–Perfectly straight and well under the body, moderate in bone, and
of proportionate length.
- FEET–Feet nicely arched, with toes set well together, and more inclined
to be round than hare-footed.
- TAIL–Moderate length, and set on where the arch of the back ends, thick
where it joins the body, tapering to a point, and not carried higher than
- COAT–Close, hard, short, and glossy.
- COLOUR–Pure white, coloured marking to disqualify.
- CONDITION–Flesh and muscles to be hard and firm.
- WEIGHT–From 12 lb. to 20 lb.
Alfred Benjamin, owned a male White English Terrier, named 'Silvio' (b.
1876). It was
well-shown and considered a prime specimen of the breed. In
1877 Silvio won
Royal Agricultural Hall,
Alexandra Palace and in
Wolverhampton. Silvio weighed nineteen pounds with the following
|Nose to stop
|Stop to occiput
|Length of back
|Girth of muzzle
|Girth of skull
|Girth of brisket
|Girth round shoulders
|Girth of loin
|Girth of forearm
|Girth of pastern
|Height at shoulders
|Height at loin
|Scale For Judging White English Terriers
|Head, including jaws, nose, ears and eyes
Mr. White, of
Clapham, first brought the breed into qualified prominence it once enjoyed,
as he was a large winner in these classes at early
Outside the dog shows, the English White Terrier was used for
was a progenitor of the
Terrier and the
Terrier, among other breeds, and became extinct around the year
1900. It is similar
THE WHITE ENGLISH TERRIER
This dog, one would think, ought, by the dignified title which he bears, to
be considered a representative national terrier, forming a fourth in the
distinctively British quartette whose other members are the Scottish, the Irish,
and the Welsh Terriers. Possibly in the early days when Pearson and Roocroft
bred him to perfection it was hoped and intended that he should become a breed
typical of England. He is still the only terrier who owns the national name, but
he has long ago yielded pride of place to the Fox-terrier, and it is the case
that the best specimens of his race are bred north of the border, while, instead
of being the most popular dog in the land, he is actually one of the most
neglected and the most seldom seen. At the Kennel Club Show of 1909 there was
not a single specimen of the breed on view, nor was one to be found at the
recent shows at Edinburgh, Birmingham, Manchester, or Islington, nor at the
National Terrier Show at Westminster. It is a pity that so smart and beautiful a
dog should be suffered to fall into such absolute neglect. One wonders what the
reason of it can be. Possibly it is that the belief still prevails that he is of
delicate constitution, and is not gifted with a great amount of intelligence or
sagacity; there is no doubt, however, that a potent factor in hastening the
decline is to be found in the edict against cropping. Neither the White Terrier
nor the Manchester Terrier has since been anything like so popular as they both
were before April, 1898, when the Kennel Club passed the law that dogs’ ears
must not be cropped.
Writers on canine history, and Mr. Rawdon Lee among the number, tell us that
the English White Terrier is a comparatively new breed, and that there is no
evidence to show where he originally sprang from, who produced him, or for what
reason he was introduced. His existence as a distinct breed is dated back no
longer than forty years. This is about the accepted age of most of our named
English terriers. Half a century ago, before the institution of properly
organised dog shows drew particular attention to the differentiation of breeds,
the generic term “terrier” without distinction was applied to all “earth dogs,”
and the consideration of colour and size was the only common rule observed in
breeding. But it would not be difficult to prove that a white terrier resembling
the one now under notice existed in England as a separate variety many
generations anterior to the period usually assigned to its recognition.
In the National Portrait Gallery there is a portrait of Mary of Modena, Queen
Consort of James II., painted in 1670 by William Wissing, who has introduced at
the Queen’s side a terrier that is undoubtedly of this type. The dog has slight
brown or brindle markings on the back, as many English White Terriers have, and
it is to be presumed that it is of the breed from which this variety is
Apart from colour there is not a great difference between the White English
Terrier and the Manchester Black and Tan. But although they are of similar shape
and partake much of the same general character, yet there is the distinction
that in the black and tan the conservation of type is stronger and more
noticeable than in the white, in which the correct shape and action are
difficult to obtain. It ought naturally to be easier to breed a pure white dog
from white parents than to breed correctly marked and well tanned puppies from
perfect black and tans; but the efforts of many breeders do not seem to support
such a theory in connection with the English Terrier, whose litters frequently
show the blemish of a spot of brindle or russet. These spots usually appear
behind the ears or on the neck, and are of course a disfigurement on a dog whose
coat to be perfect should be of an intense and brilliant white. It appears to be
equally difficult to breed one which, while having the desired purity of colour,
is also perfect in shape and terrier character. It is to be noted, too, that
many otherwise good specimens are deaf–a fault which seriously militates against
the dog’s possibilities as a companion or as a watch.
Birmingham and Manchester were the localities in which the English Terrier
was most popular forty years ago, but it was Mr. Frederick White, of Clapham,
who bred all the best of the white variety and who made it popular in the
neighbourhood of London. His terriers were of a strain founded by a dog named
King Dick, and in 1863 he exhibited a notable team in Laddie, Fly, Teddie, and
Nettle. Mr. S. E. Shirley, M. P., was attracted to the breed, and possessed many
good examples, as also did the Rev. J. W. Mellor and Mr. J. H. Murchison. Mr.
Alfred Benjamin’s Silvio was a prominent dog in 1877.
Silvio was bred by Mr. James Roocroft, of Bolton, who owned a large kennel of
this variety of terrier, and who joined with his townsman, Joe Walker, and with
Bill Pearson in raising the breed to popularity in Lancashire. Bill Pearson was
the breeder of Tim, who was considered the best terrier of his time, a dog of 14
lb., with a brilliant white coat, the darkest of eyes, and a perfect black nose.
It is apparent that the Whippet was largely used as a cross with the English
Terrier, which may account to a great extent for the decline of terrier
character in the breed. Wiser breeders had recourse to the more closely allied
Bull-terrier; Mr. Shirley’s prize winning Purity was by Tim out of a
Bull-terrier bitch, and there is no doubt that whatever stamina remains in the
breed has been supported by this cross.
- Shaw, V. (1879). The Classic Encyclopedia of the Dog, Chapter XIV.
Home | Up | Alaunt | Black and Tan Terrier | Blue Paul Terrier | Cordoba Fighting Dog | English White Terrier | Molossus | Old English Bulldog | St. John's Water Dog | Talbot
Dogs, made by MultiMedia | Free content and software
This guide is licensed under the GNU
Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia.
Recommend This Page To A Friend!