German Shorthaired Pointer
This liver-and-white German Shorthaired Pointer has a
ticked coat and a patched head.
|Deutscher kurzhaariger Vorstehhund
|Country of origin
|Classification and breed standards
||Group 7 Section 1 #119
||Group 3 (Gundogs)
||Group 1 - Sporting Dogs
||Gun Dog Breeds
|Not recognized by any major kennel club
|This breed of dog is
The German Shorthaired Pointer is a
dog developed in the
gun dog was
developed by crossing an older German Pointer breed with the
English Pointer to create a lean, athletic, and responsive breed. Some
authorities consider it to be the most versatile of all gun dogs and its
intelligence and affectionate nature make it a popular companion dog for active
The German Shorthaired Pointer's coat is short, flat, thick, and harsh. It is
dense enough to be water-resistant. The color can be liver (often called
chestnut), black (although any area of black is cause for disqualifiction in
American Kennel Club and Canadian Kennel Club sanctioned shows), or either color
with white. Commonly the head is a solid or nearly solid color and the body is
white that is speckled or ticked with liver or black, with saddles or large
patches of solid color.
coats also occur and, rarely, yellow coloring (dogs with any area of yellow will
also be disqualified in AKC and CKC shows).
It has moderately long flop ears set high on the head. Its muzzle is long,
broad, and strong, allowing it to retrieve even heavy furred game. Its tail is
although this is now prohibited in some countries.
The breed is lean, athletic, and graceful yet powerful, with strong
hindquarters that make it able to move rapidly and turn quickly. Various breed
standards set its height at the
anywhere between 21 and 26 inches (53 to 65 cm), making this a large breed.
Adults typically weigh from 55 to 70 lbs (25 to 32 kg), with the bitch usually
slightly shorter and lighter than the male.
This variety of German Pointer can be shy; however, it is usually good with
children and is affectionate and loyal, making it a good companion dog. These
dogs crave interaction and have been referred to as "velcro dogs" often needing
to be in physical contact with a member of their human family or very nearby,
sometime almost underfoot. It needs plenty of vigorous activity, so it is not a
good pet for an inactive home. The breed generally gets along well with other
dogs. Some Shorthaired Pointers make good watchdogs, but others are too
Like the other German Pointers—the
German Wirehaired Pointer and the
German Longhaired Pointer—this is one of the few hunting breeds that can
perform virtually all
and water dog,
can be used for hunting larger and more dangerous game, and in addition has a
hound's talented nose. It is an excellent swimmer but also works well in
rough terrain. It is tenacious, tireless, hardy, and reliable. In short, it is a
superb all-around field dog that remains popular with hunters of many
This is an intelligent and trainable breed. Like most intelligent dogs, it
can have a mind of its own and so the breed requires training to ensure that it
understands that the owner is in charge. Along with its superb hunting ability
and companionable personality, its intelligence and biddability (trainability)
continue to make this one of the more popular large breeds.
The Shorthaired Pointer is generally a healthy breed. Seizures have been a
problem in some lines, and a few individuals may suffer from
dysplasia, genetic eye diseases, or skin cancer. Like all dogs with flop
ears, it can be prone to ear infections and its ears require regular checking
and cleaning. It has a longer life expectancy than many breeds of this size,
commonly living 12 to 14 years.
Its short coat needs very little grooming, just occasional brushing. The dog
should be bathed only when needed.
As it is a large, active breed, it can require considerable food; however, it
can also become obese if too much food is given for its activity level.
The German Shorthaired Pointer is descended from the old
Spanish Pointer, which was taken to Germany in the
1600s. From that
time until the first
was created in 1870,
however, it is impossible to identify all of the dogs that went into creating
this breed. Most-likely candidates for its ancestors include local German breeds
such as other hunting dogs and
various French hounds, assorted Scandinavian breeds, the German Bird Dog, and
the Italian Pointer. In the late 1800s, breeders added the English Pointer to
the lines, rounding out the breed's all-around utility.
On February 15, 2005, a German Shorthaired Pointer, "Ch Kan-Point's VJK
Autumn Roses" (callname Carlee), took the
Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show's prize for
- Alderton, David (1984). The Dog. Quill Publishing; Chartwell
- Barnes, Duncan (ed.) (1983). The AKC's World of the Pure-Bred Dog.
Nick Lyons Books.
- Cunliffe, Juliette (2004). The Encyclopedia of Dog Breeds.
- Fogle, Bruce, DVM (2000). The new Encyclopedia of the Dog. Doring
- Marder, Amy, VMD (2004). The Complete Dog Owner's Manual. Fog
- Palmer, Joan (1994). The Illustrated Encyclopeida of Dog Breeds.
- Schuler, Elizabeth Meriwether (ed.) (1980). Simon & Schuster's Guide
to Dogs. Fireside: Simon and Schuster.
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