A Miniature Pinscher with
|Country of origin
|Classification and breed standards
||Group 2 Section 1 #185
||Group 1 (Toys)
||Group 5 - Toys
|Not recognized by any major kennel club
|This breed of dog is
The Miniature Pinscher, also known as the Minpin by fanciers,
is a toy breed
of dog. Minpins were
first bred to hunt vermin, especially rats. In its native Germany, the dog is
known as the Zwergpinscher.
refers to a classification of dogs bred as guardians or to hunt vermin. Zwerg,
in German, means Dwarf or Midget.
A Miniature Pinscher puppy
Typically, the Minpin stands between 25 and 30
(10 and 12.5 in) at
give or take a bit depending on the breed standard. Its weight is about 2.3 to
about 4.5 kg
(8 to 10
The coat colors, according to most breed standards, are red, stag-red, fawn,
and black with tan markings. The coat should be short and smooth.
A Minpin frequently has a
ears, although this is becoming a somewhat controversial practice, especially
Dogs, like people, have a wide range of personalities. Although the same is
true for Minpins, members of the breed generally share some personality traits.
Minpins, by their nature, are not generally timid, calm "lap dogs." Rather, they
have an energetic spirit and curious nature. Although small, a Minpin generally
makes a good watchdog, as the breed is eager to sound the alarm when unfamiliar
people and creatures appear in or around the home.
Socialization can never begin too early.
As with any puppy of any breed, it is important to properly
a Minpin puppy with people and dogs. This is especially true for Minpins, since
their small size combined with curiosity and fearlessness could pose problems
with larger dogs and human houseguests. Fans of the breed argue that its
exuberant spirit and small size make it the ideal house or apartment dog. The
dog's energetic temperament, cat-like agility, and curious nature, however, may
not be for everyone.
Although the breed is not necessarily bad with children, care must be taken
in educating youths about proper handling and play. Although Minpins are known
to bound through, around, and over obstacles, they can be easily injured by
rough play with a child.
Grooming is easy, as the smooth, short-haired coat requires little attention.
Care must be taken in colder weather, however, as this coat provides virtually
no protection from the cold.
Due to their instinct to hunt vermin, one should take special care in
preventing a Minpin from "attacking" small objects, such as bottle caps, as they
could pose a choking hazard.
Although appearing similar to the
Pinscher, the Minpin is not a "Miniature Doberman". Rather, the breed is
much older. Although, the miniature pinscher has appeared in paintings and
sculptures several centuries ago, the factual documentation on this breed goes
back less than 200 years. The Doberman Pinscher was bred by Lois Dobermann in
1890 to resemble a Miniature Pinscher. Both Miniature Pinscher and Dobermann
Pinscher share common ancestors. Similarities between the two may result from a
common genetic relation to the
German Pinscher. Some genetic stock may have been contributed by the
Italian Greyhound and the
The source of confustion regarding the relationship between the Doberman and the
Miniature Pinscher may have been the result of a Miniature Pinscher breed
standard from the 1930s,
which basically stated that the breed should appear as a Doberman in miniature.
The Miniature Pinscher was imported into the U.S. in 1919 and was first
registered with the AKC in 1925.
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