Pembroke Welsh Corgi
|Pembroke Welsh Corgi
Black and tan Pembroke Welsh Corgi
|Country of origin
|Pembroke, PWC, Pem
|Classification and breed standards
||Group 1 Section 8 #39
||Group 5 (Working Dogs)
||Group 7 - Herding Dogs
||Herding Dog Breeds
|Not recognized by any major kennel club
|This breed of dog is
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi (IPA:
/ˈkɔ(r)ˌgi/) is one of two
Welsh Corgis that originated in
dogs are believed to be descended from
Swedish Vallhund dogs that came to Wales with the Vikings. The phrase "cor
gi" translates to "dwarf dog" in
upright ears are distinctive
(black and tan) Corgi with predominant black coloring
A Pembroke is between 10 and 12 inches (250 to 300 mm) tall at the
(tallest point in the shoulders) and weighs no more than 30 lb (15 kg); dogs in
peak condition weigh about 27 pounds (12 kg) for the male and bitches about 2
pounds (1 kg) lighter. Pembrokes can be red, sable, fawn, or black and tan with
or without white markings on the legs, chest, neck, muzzle, underneath, and as a
narrow blaze on the head. Too much white is considered a fault in
Historically, the Pembroke was a breed with a natural bob tail (very short
tail). Due to the advent of
trait was not aggressively pursued, with breeders focusing instead on other
characteristics, and the tail artificially shortened if need be. Given that some
countries are now banning docking, breeders are again attempting to select for
dogs with the genes for natural bob tails.
Like most herding breeds, they are active, intelligent, and athletic dogs
despite their shorter legs. The short legs may seem to be a disadvantage, but
they can run and jump just as well as any other dog of comparable size. Though
still sometimes used as a working dog, today they are more commonly kept as
companions. They are happy, loving, and eager to please. Pems are intelligent
and quick thinkers, which can make them challenging to train, but their desire
to please means that they thrive on praise.
Sable Pembroke doing agility teeter-totter
Although short, Corgis are fast runners and, like most herding breeds, need a
minimum of an hour's
daily. They are, contrary to appearances, a medium-size dog and should not be
thought of as a
toy dog or one who needs less attention and activity.
The length of the spine can cause spinal problems and early
in Corgis. Corgis usually live about twelve to fourteen years.
Pembroke Corgis, if not kept active and if overfed, can easily become
obese, which is
bad for their elongated backs.
Originally bred for herding sheep and cattle, they have proven themselves as
excellent companion animals and are outstanding competitors in
sheepdog trials and
Corgis are becoming more popular in the
United States and rank 23rd in
American Kennel Club registrations
 as of 2004.
The dog, Ein
Ein, from the anime
Bebop, is a Pembroke Welsh Corgi.
Pembroke Welsh Corgis are a favorite of Queen
Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom.
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