Phycomycosis is an uncommon disease of the
gastrointestinal tract most commonly found in
disease is caused by a variety of
Pythiosis is the most common type and is caused by
a type of
water mould. Phycomycosis can also be caused by two types of
Entomophthorales (such as
Mucorales (such as
Pythiosis occurs most commonly in dogs and
horses, but is
also found in cats,
cattle, and humans.
In the United States it is most commonly found in the Gulf states, especially
Pythium occupies swamps in late summer and infects dogs who drink water
containing it. The disease is typically found in young, large breed dogs. Other
causes of phycomycosis are found throughout the U.S. and Europe.
The disease grows slowly in the
small intestine, eventually forming large lumps of
granulation tissue. It can also invade surrounding
Symptoms include vomiting, diarrhea, depression, weight loss, and a mass in the
abdomen. Phycomycosis of the skin is very rare, and appears as
Diagnosis is through
Treatment is very difficult and includes
Antifungal drugs show only limited effect on the disease. The
- Ettinger, Stephen J.;Feldman, Edward C.(1995).Textbook of Veterinary
Internal Medicine(4th ed.). W.B. Saunders Company.
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