Polish Lowland Sheepdog
|Polski Owczarek Nizinny
|Country of origin
|PON, Nizinny, PLS
|Classification and breed standards
||Group 1 Section 1 #251
||Group 5 (Working)
||Herding Dog Breeds
|Not recognized by any major kennel club
|This breed of dog is
The Polish Lowland Sheepdog (Polish:
Polski Owczarek Nizinny), also just PON, is a medium sized,
native to Poland.
The PON is a stocky, muscular, thick-coated dog. The
coat can be of any color or pattern, although white, gray, and brown are
most common, with black, gray, or brown markings. It is common for colors to
fade as the dogs reach adulthood. The
is soft and dense, while the
rough and either straight or wavy, but not curly. The hair around the head makes
the head appear to be larger than it actually is, and typically covers the eyes.
Males are 45 — 50
— 20 in) in height
at the withers,
while females are 42 — 47 cm (17 — 19 in). The body is not square, but
rectangular; the ratio of the height to the body length should be 9:10 (a 45 cm
tall dog should have a body 50 cm long). The tail is either very short or
undocked dogs have tails that curl over the back.
PONs are stable and self-confident, but are wary of strangers. They have an
excellent memory and can be well trained, but may dominate a weak-willed owner.
PONs adapt well to various conditions, and are popular as
companion dogs for
dwellers in their native Poland. PONs require a moderate amount of exercise
Known in its present form in Poland from at least the
thirteenth century, the PON is most likely decended from the
Puli and the
dogs of the Huns.
Kazimierz Grabski, a Polish merchant, traded a shipment of grain for
1514, and brought
six PONs to move the sheep. A Scottish shepherd was so impressed with the
herding ability of the dogs that he traded a ram and two ewes for a dog and two
bitches. These dogs were bred with the local Scottish dogs to produce the
Scottish herding dogs, most obviously the
Almost driven to extinction in
War II, the PON was restored mainly through the work of Dr. Danuta
Hryeniewicz and her dog, Smok (en:Dragon),
the ancestor of all PONs in the world today, who sired the first ten litters of
PONs in the 1950s.
The breed standard was written with Smok as the model, and accepted by the
Fédération Cynologique Internationale in
In general, PONs are a very healthy breed. Animals should be checked for
progressive retinal atrophy before being used for breeding. PONs require a
diet. Their food intake should be carefully monitored, as they tend to
life expectancy of a PON is 12 — 15 years.
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