A red Pomeranian
Toy German Spitz
|Country of origin
|Classification and breed standards
||Group 5 Section 4 #97
||Group 1 (Toys)
||Group 5 - Toys
|Not recognized by any major kennel club
|This breed of dog is
The Pomeranian is a
dog in the
named for the
Pomerania region of
Germany, and classed as a
toy dog breed
because of its small size.
Sable Pom's face
At an average of 3 to 7 lb (1.4 to 3.2 kg) according to
AKC standards, the Pomeranian (Pom) is the most diminutive of the northern
The head of the Pomeranian is wedge-shaped, making it somewhat
foxy in appearance.
The ears are large and pointed. Its
characterstic of the breed and should be turned over the back and carried flat,
The Pom's coat is its glory, two coats, an
and a top
coat; the first is soft, thick, and fluffy; the latter is a long, perfectly
straight and glistening coat covering the whole body. The undercoat is shed
during warm weather conditions.
The AKC recognizes thirteen colors or color combinations: black, black & tan,
blue, blue & tan, chocolate, chocolate & tan, cream, cream sable, orange, orange
sable, red, red sable, and sable. The AKC also recognizes five "alternative"
colors: Beaver, brindle, chocolate sable, white, and wolf sable.
At least one breed standard calls for a cobby, balanced dog. A cobby dog is a
long or shorter than he is tall; try to picture him as a circle in a square. A
balanced Pomeranian fits together logically and in proportion. For instance, a
small, delicately boned Pom with a large head looks unbalanced because his head
type doesn't match his body type. A balanced Pom displays legs in proportion to
his body: neither so short as to make him appear dumpy nor so long as to make
him look like he is walking on stilts.
The standard also calls for an expression that imparts great intelligence,
showing that the Pom has an alert character and that he behaves accordingly. The
pom's alertness makes it a superb watchdog.
The Pom is an active dog who is intelligent, courageous, and a loyal
companion. The Pomeranian may not interact well with small children, and due to
its small size can suffer abuse from children.
Pomeranians have proven themselves to be excellent watchdogs by announcing
intruders with loud, sharp barks.
The Pomeranian easily adapts to life in the city, and is an excellent dog for
country living with its strong hunting instincts from its wild ancestors.
The Pomeranian originated from the
which were eventually brought into
Germans improved the coat and bred the dogs down for city living, but they were
still 20 pounds or more when they reached
An orange-sable Pomeranian
English breeders, through trial and error and
Mendelian theories, are credited for reducing the dog's size and developing
the many colors. The Pomeranian of today is small due to selective breeding, but
the breed still retains the hardy disposition and thick coat typical of dogs in
The Pomeranian became internationally popular when
Queen Victoria returned from vacation in
with a Pomeranian named Marco.
The closest relatives of the Pomeranian are the
Norwegian Elkhound, the
and the whole Spitz group.
Pomeranians are generally a healthy, hardy, and long-lived breed—often, Poms
live 15 or 16 years.
The teeth of the Pomeranian can be the cause of serious health concerns for
the breed. The teeth must be meticulously cared for through frequent cleaning to
prevent the teeth from falling out at a rather early age. Problems with the
teeth can cause heart problems which may lead to an early death.
Pomeranians are known to have a higher likelihood of suffering from
Another common ailment is a dislocated
Fran Drescher's Pomeranians,
Esther Drescher and
Sharon Osbourne's Pomeranian, Minnie
Nicole Richie's Pomeranian, Foxxy Cleopatra
[[|Spirer, Louise Ziegler; & Spirer,
Herbert F., ]], () ( 1965). "" [
This is the Pomeranian], , , , : TFH
[[|Liebers, Arthur; & Sheppard, Georgia
M., ]], () ( 1959). "" [
How to Raise and Train the Pomeranian], , , , : TFH
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