| Basset Fauve de Bretagne
| Basset Hound
| Bavarian Mountain Hound
| Black and Tan Coonhound
| Bluetick Coonhound
| Finnish Spitz
| Grand Basset Griffon Vendeen
| Grand Bleu de Gascogne
| Norwegian Elkhound
| Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen
| Plott Hound
| Redbone Coonhound
| Rhodesian Ridgeback
| Treeing Walker Coonhound
Like most scent hounds, the
Hound has long ears, large nasal passages, and a sturdy body for endurance.
Scent hounds are
primarily hunt by
scent rather than
sight. They are generally regarded as having some of the most sensitive
noses among canines.
specialize in following a smell or scent. Most of these
breeds have longer, drooping ears; one theory says that this helps to
collect scent from the air and keep it near the dog's face and nose. They also
have large nasal cavities to better process scent. Their typically loose, moist
lips also trap scent particles.
Most of these breeds have deep, booming voices and use them actively when
running and especially when following a scent trail. Although this is a
distraction when it is your neighbor's hound barking in the back yard, is a
valuable trait that allows the dog's handler to follow the dog or pack of dogs
during a hunt even when they are out of sight, such as when following a
fox through woodland.
Scent hounds do not need to be as fast as
hounds because they do not need to keep prey in sight, but they need
endurance so that they can stick with a scent and follow it for long distances
over rough terrain. The best scent hounds can follow a scent trail even across
running water and even when it is several days old. Most scent hounds, even when
kept as pets, still
are happiest when following a scent trail.
Most scent hounds were used in packs, sometimes with hundreds of dogs in a
single pack. Longer-legged hounds ran more quickly and usually required that the
hunters follow on horseback; shorter-legged hounds allowed hunters to follow on
This family includes:
| Scent Hound
| Sight Hound
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