Search and Rescue Dog
The use of dogs in search
and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in responding to law
enforcement requests for missing persons. Dedicated handlers and hard
working, well-trained dogs are required in efforts to be an effective
portion of the SAR team.
There are many types of search and rescue dogs, including disaster dogs,
wilderness airscent dogs, wilderness or urban tracking and trailing dogs, and
human remains detection or cadaver dogs.
Disaster dogs detect live human scent during the aftermath of terrorist
attacks, earthquakes, hurricanes and other natural and man-made disasters. In
the USA, many disaster dogs are trained by their handlers to participate in the
Federal Emergency Management Agency K9 program.
Tracking dogs follow ground scent
Wilderness airscent dogs detect live human
scent that is borne on wind
currents to help locate their victims. They typically work off-lead and cover
large areas of terrain in search of human scent. The dogs alert their handler
once they have located a victim and lead the handler back to the victim's
Wilderness or urban tracking/trailing dogs follow the trail where a specific
person has walked. They usually work on-lead, keeping their noses low to the
ground. These dogs require the use of a scent article from the person for which
they are searching.
Human Remains Detection (HRD) or cadaver dogs are used to locate the remains
of deceased victims. These dogs typically work off-lead and may be used to
search for entire bodies or individual pieces of a body, including blood, bones,
teeth, hair, and tissue. They work similarly to airscent dogs in that they use
the air currents to locate scent. The dog will alert the handler once it has
located human remains.
| Assistance Dog
| Herding Dog
| Attack Dog
| Detection Dog
| Guard Dog
| Hunting Dog
| Livestock Guardian Dog
| Police Dog
| Rescue Dog
| Search and Rescue Dog
| Sheep Dog
| Sled Dog
| Therapy Dog
| Military Animal
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