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Mirror dory, family Zeidae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Zeiformes
Suborder Zeioidei
Oreosomatidae (oreos)
Parazenidaen (parazen and allies)
Zeidae (true dories)
Zenionidae (Macrurocyttidae)
Suborder Caproidei
Caproidae (boarfishes)

The Zeiformes are a small order of marine ray-finned fishes most notable for the dories, a group of common food fish. The order consists of about 40 species in seven families, mostly deep-sea types.

Zeiform bodies are usually thin and deep. Mouths are large, with distensible jaws, and there is no orbitosphenoid]. Pelvic fins have 5-10 soft rays and possibly a spine, 5-10 dorsal fin spines and up to 4 anal fin spines.

The classification of the boarfishes (Caproidae) in this order is uncertain, since they have many perciform characters, for instance in the caudal skeleton.


  • "Zeiformes". FishBase. Ed. Ranier Froese and Daniel Pauly. March 2005 version. N.p.: FishBase, 2005.
  • J.S. Nelson, Fishes of the World

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