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Reptiles Guide

Colubrids

Rat snakes | Corn Snake

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Colubrids

 
Natrix natrix
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
 
Phylum: Chordata
 
Class: Reptilia
 
Order: Squamata
 
Suborder: Serpentes
 
Family: Colubridae
 
Subfamilies
Boodontinae
Calamariinae
Colubrinae
Dipsadinae
Homalopsinae
Natricinae
Pareatinae
Psammophiinae
Pseudoxenodontinae
Pseudoxyrhophiinae
Xenodermatinae
Xenodontinae

See text for genera.

A Colubrid (from Latin coluber, snake) is a snake that is a member of the Colubridae family. It is a broad classification of snakes that includes well over half of all snake species on earth. While most colubrids are non-venomous (or have venom that isn't known to be harmful to humans) and are normally harmless, a few groups, such as genus Boiga, Coluber and Rhabdophis, can produce medically significant bites. In addition, the Boomslang and African Twig Snake have both caused human fatalities.The venom-injecting fangs associated with venomous colubrids are almost always in the back of the mouth, compared to vipers and elapids.

Examples of snakes found in the colubridae family include:

  • Queen snake
    Common Keelback
  • King Snake
    • Milk Snake
  • Corn Snake
    Bull Snake
    Rat Snake
    Garter Snake
    Hognose Snake
    Indigo snake
    Smooth Snake
    Water Snake
    Mussurana

Classification

Subfamily Boodontinae

  • Bothrolycus
    Bothrophthalmus
    Buhoma (incertae sedis)
    Chamaelycus
    Dendrolycus
    Dipsina
    Dromophis
    Duberria (incertae sedis)
    Gonionotophis
    Grayia
    Hormonotus
    Lamprophis
    Lycodonomorphus
    Lycophidion
    Macroprotodon
    Mehelya
    Montaspis (incertae sedis)
    Pseudaspis
    Pseudoboodon
    Pythonodipsas
    Scaphiophis

Subfamily Calamariinae

  • Calamaria
    Calamorhabdium
    Collorhabdium
    Etheridgeum
    Macrocalamus
    Pseudorabdion
    Rabdion

Subfamily Colubrinae

  • Aeluroglena
    Ahaetulla
    Argyrogena
    Arizona
    Bogertophis
    Boiga
    Cemophora
    Chilomeniscus
    Chionactis
    Chironius
    Chrysopelea
    Coluber
    Conopsis
    Coronella
    Crotaphopeltis
    Cryptophidion
    Cyclophiops
    Dasypeltis
    Dendrelaphis
    Dendrophidion
    Dinodon
    Dipsadoboa
    Dispholidus
    Dryadophis
    Drymarchon
    Drymobius
    Drymoluber
    Dryocalamus
    Dryophiops
    Eirenis
    Elachistodon
    Elaphe
    Exallodontophis
    Ficimia
    Gastropyxis
    Geagras
    Gonyophis
    Gonyosoma
    Gyalopion
    Hapsidophrys
    Hemerophis
    Hemorrhois
    Hierophis
    Lampropeltis
    Leptodrymus
    Leptophis
    Lepturophis
    Liopeltis
    Lycodon
    Lycognathophis
    Lytorhynchus
    Masticophis
    Mastigodryas
    Meizodon
    Oligodon
    Opheodrys
    Oxybelis
    Pantherophis (formerly Elaphe)
    Philothamnus
    Phyllorhynchus
    Pituophis
    Prosymna
    Pseudocyclophis
    Pseudoficimia
    Pseustes
    Ptyas
    Rhamnophis
    Rhinobothryum
    Rhinocheilus
    Rhynchocalamus
    Rhynchophis
    Salvadora
    Scaphiodontophis
    Scolecophis
    Senticolis
    Sibynophis
    Simophis
    Sonora
    Spalerosophis
    Spilotes
    Stegonotus
    Stenorrhina
    Stilosoma
    Symphimus
    Sympholis
    Tantilla
    Tantillita
    Telescopus
    Thelotornis
    Thrasops
    Trimorphodon
    Xenelaphis

Subfamily Dipsadinae

  • Adelphicos
    Amastridium
    Atractus
    Calamodontophis (incertae sedis)
    Carphophis (incertae sedis)
    Chersodromus
    Coniophanes
    Contia (incertae sedis)
    Crisantophis (incertae sedis)
    Cryophis
    Diadophis (incertae sedis)
    Diaphorolepsis (incertae sedis)
    Dipsas
    Echinanthera (incertae sedis)
    Emmochliophis (incertae sedis)
    Enuliophis (incertae sedis)
    Enulius (incertae sedis)
    Eridiphas
    Geophis
    Gomesophis (incertae sedis)
    Hydromorphus (incertae sedis)
    Hypsiglena
    Imantodes
    Leptodeira
    Ninia
    Nothopsis (incertae sedis)
    Pliocercus
    Pseudoleptodeira
    Pseudotomodon (incertae sedis)
    Ptychophis (incertae sedis)
    Rhadinaea
    Rhadinophanes (incertae sedis)
    Sibon
    Sibynomorphus
    Synophis (incertae sedis)
    Tachymenis (incertae sedis)
    Taeniophallus (incertae sedis)
    Tantalophis (incertae sedis)
    Thamnodynastes (incertae sedis)
    Tomodon (incertae sedis)
    Tretanorhinus
    Trimetopon
    Tropidodipsas
    Urotheca
    Xenopholis (incertae sedis)

Subfamily Homalopsinae

  • Bitia
    Brachyorrhos (incertae sedis)
    Cantoria
    Cerberus
    Enhydris
    Erpeton
    Fordonia
    Gerarda
    Heurnia
    Homalopsis
    Myron

Subfamily Natricinae

  • Adelophis
    Afronatrix
    Amphiesma
    Amphiesmoides
    Amplorhinus (incertae sedis)
    Anoplohydrus
    Aspidura
    Atretium
    Balanophis
    Clonophis
    Hologerrhum
    Hydrablabes
    Hydraethiops
    Iguanognathus
    Limnophis (incertae sedis)
    Macropisthodon
    Natriciteres (incertae sedis)
    Natrix
    Nerodia
    Opisthotropis
    Parahelicops
    Pararhabdophis
    Psammodynastes (incertae sedis)
    Regina
    Rhabdophis
    Seminatrix
    Sinonatrix
    Storeria
    Thamnophis
    Tropidoclonion
    Tropidonophis
    Virginia
    Xenochrophis (incertae sedis)

Subfamily Pareatinae

  • Aplopeltura
    Asthenodipsas (Internatus)
    Pareas

Subfamily Psammophiinae

  • Hemirhagerrhis
    Malpolon
    Mimophis
    Psammophis
    Psammophylax
    Rhamphiophis

Subfamily Pseudoxenodontinae

  • Plagiopholis
    Pseudoxenodon

Subfamily Pseudoxyrhophiinae

  • Alluaudina
    Compsophis
    Ditypophis
    Dromicodryas
    Exallodontophis
    Geodipsas
    Heteroliodon
    Ithycyphus
    Langaha
    Leioheterodon
    Liophidium
    Liopholidophis
    Lycodryas
    Madagascarophis
    Micropisthodon
    Pararhadinaea
    Brygophis
    Pseudoxyrhopus
    Stenophis

Subfamily Xenodermatinae

  • Achalinus
    Fimbrios
    Oxyrhabdium
    Stoliczkaia
    Xenodermus
    Xylophis

Subfamily Xenodontinae

  • Alsophis
    Antillophis
    Apostolepis
    Arrhyton
    Boiruna
    Cercophis (incertae sedis)
    Clelia
    Conophis
    Darlingtonia
    Ditaxodon
    Drepanoides
    Elapomorphus
    Erythrolamprus
    Farancia
    Helicops
    Heterodon
    Hydrodynastes
    Hydrops
    Hypsirhynchus
    Ialtris
    Lioheterophis (incertae sedis)
    Liophis
    Lystrophis
    Manolepis
    Oxyrhopus
    Phalotris
    Philodryas
    Phimophis
    Pseudablabes
    Pseudoboa
    Pseudoeryx
    Psomophis
    Rhachidelus
    Saphenophis
    Siphlophis
    Sordellina (incertae sedis)
    Tropidodryas
    Umbrivaga
    Uromacer
    Uromacerina
    Waglerophis
    Xenodon
    Xenoxybelis

incertae sedis

  • Blythia
    Cercaspis
    Cyclocorus
    Elapoidis
    Gongylosoma
    Haplocercus
    Helophis
    Myersophis
    Omoadiphas (recently discovered)
    Oreocalamus
    Poecilopholis
    Rhabdops
    Tetralepis
    Thermophis
    Trachischium

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