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Reptiles Guide

List of viperine species and subspecies

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Asp viper, Vipera aspis: type species for type genus Vipera.
Asp viper, Vipera aspis: type species
for type genus Vipera.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Viperidae
Subfamily: Viperinae
Oppel, 1811

This is a list of all species and subspecies of the subfamily Viperinae, otherwise referred to as the true vipers, the pitless vipers or the Old World vipers.

  • Adenorhinos barbouri, Uzungwe mountain bush viper
    Atheris anisolepis
    Atheris ceratophora, Horned bush viper
    Atheris chlorechis, Western bush viper
    Atheris desaixi, Mount Kenya bush viper
    Atheris hispida, Bristly bush viper
    Atheris katangensis, Katanga mountain bush viper
  • Atheris nitschei, Great Lakes bush viper
    • Atheris nitschei nitschei, Great Lakes bush viper
      Atheris nitschei rungweensis, Rungwe bush viper
  • Atheris squamigera, Rough-scaled bush viper
  • Bitis arietans, Puff adder
    • Bitis arietans arietans, Puff adder
      Bitis arietans somalica, Somali puff adder
  • Bitis atropos, Mountain adder
    Bitis caudalis, Horned adder
  • Bitis cornuta, Many-horned adder
    • Bitis cornuta albanica, Albany adder
      Bitis cornuta cornuta, Many-horned adder
  • Bitis gabonica, Gaboon viper
    • Bitis gabonica gabonica, East African gaboon viper
      Bitis gabonica rhinoceros, West African gaboon viper
  • Bitis heraldica, Angolan adder
    Bitis inornata, Plain mountain adder
    Bitis nasicornis, Rhinoceros viper
    Bitis parviocula, Ethiopian viper
    Bitis peringueyi, Peringuey's desert adder
    Bitis rubida, Red adder
    Bitis schneideri, Namaqua dwarf adder
    Bitis worthingtoni, Kenyan horned viper
    Bitis xeropaga, Desert mountain adder
    Cerastes cerastes, Saharan horned viper
    Cerastes gasperettii, Arabian horned viper
    Cerastes vipera, Sahara sand viper
  • Daboia russelii, Russell's viper
    • Daboia russelii russelii, Indian Russell's viper
      Daboia russelii siamensis, Eastern Russell's viper
  • Echis carinatus, Saw-scaled viper
    • Echis carinatus astolae
      Echis carinatus carinatus, Saw-scaled viper
      Echis carinatus multisquamatus, Central Asian saw-scaled viper
      Echis carinatus sinhaleyus
      Echis carinatus sochureki
  • Echis coloratus, Painted saw-scaled viper
    Echis hughesi, Hughes' saw-scaled viper
    Echis jogeri, Joger’s saw-scaled viper
    Echis leucogaster, White-bellied saw-scaled viper
    Echis megalocephalus, Cherlin's saw-scaled viper
    Echis ocellatus, West African saw-scaled viper
  • Echis pyramidum, Egyptian saw-scaled viper
    • Echis pyramidum aliaborri
      Echis pyramidum leakeyi
      Echis pyramidum pyramidum, Egyptian saw-scaled viper
  • Eristicophis macmahonii, McMahon's desert viper
    Macrovipera deserti, Desert viper
  • Macrovipera lebetina, Blunt-nosed viper
    • Macrovipera lebetina cernovi
      Macrovipera lebetina lebetina, Blunt-nosed viper
      Macrovipera lebetina obtusa
      Macrovipera lebetina transmediterranea
      Macrovipera lebetina turanica
  • Macrovipera mauritanica, Moorish viper
    Macrovipera schweizeri, Milos viper
    Montatheris hindii, Montane viper
    Proatheris superciliaris, Lowland swamp viper
  • Pseudocerastes persicus, Persian horned viper
    • Pseudocerastes persicus fieldi, Field's horned viper
  • Vipera albicornuta, Iranian mountain viper
    Vipera albizona, Central Turkish mountain viper
  • Vipera ammodytes, Horned viper
    • Vipera ammodytes ammodytes, Horned viper
      Vipera ammodytes gregorwallneri
      Vipera ammodytes meridionalis
      Vipera ammodytes montandoni
      Vipera ammodytes transcaucasiana, Transcaucasian sand viper
  • Vipera aspis, Asp viper
    • Vipera aspis aspis, Asp viper
      Vipera aspis atra
      Vipera aspis francisciredi
      Vipera aspis hugyi
      Vipera aspis zinnikeri
  • Vipera barani, Baran's adder
  • Vipera berus, Common European adder
    • Vipera berus berus, Common European adder
      Vipera berus bosniensis
      Vipera berus sachalinensis
  • Vipera bornmuelleri, Bornmuellers viper
    Vipera bulgardaghica, Bulgardagh viper
    Vipera darevskii, Darevsky’s viper
    Vipera dinniki, Dinnik’s viper
    Vipera kaznakovi, Caucasus viper
  • Vipera latastei, Lataste's viper
    • Vipera latastei gaditana
      Vipera latastei latastei, Lataste's viper
  • Vipera latifii, Latifi's viper
    Vipera lotievi, Caucasian meadow viper
    Vipera monticola, Atlas mountain viper
    Vipera nikolskii, Nikolski’s viper
    Vipera palaestinae, Palestine viper
    Vipera pontica, Pontic adder
    Vipera raddei, Rock viper
  • Vipera seoanei, Baskian viper
    • Vipera seoanei cantabrica
      Vipera seoanei seoanei, Baskian viper
  • Vipera ursinii, Meadow viper
    Vipera wagneri, Ocellated mountain viper
    Vipera xanthina, Rock viper


  • McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 volume).

External links

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