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Miniature Schnauzer

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Miniature Schnauzer
Miniature Schnauzer with silver coat.
Miniature Schnauzer with silver coat.
Alternative names
Country of origin
Common nicknames
Classification and breed standards
FCI: Group 2 Section 1 #183  
AKC: Terrier  
ANKC: Group 6 (Utility)  
CKC: Group 4 - Terriers  
KC (UK): Utility  
NZKC: Utility  
UKC: Terriers  
Not recognized by any major kennel club
This breed of dog is extinct

The Miniature Schnauzer is a breed of small dog of the Schnauzer type that originated in Germany in the mid-to-late 19th century. The dogs are believed to have developed from crosses between the Standard Schnauzer and one or more smaller breeds such as the Poodle, Miniature Pinscher, or Affenpinscher.


Miniature Schnauzer pup at five weeks Miniature Schnauzer pup at five weeks

Miniature Schnauzers are quite distinctive in appearance. They are compact, muscular, and square shaped. Owners typically groom them with long bushy eyebrows, beards, and long leg hair. Ears are sometimes cropped to stand upright, and the tail may also be docked. Their coats are wiry, and shed very little, which adds to their appeal as house pets. The AKC recognizes only three colors: black, salt and pepper, and black with silver markings. Occasionally, they may be white, but this is rare; this coloration is allowed in Europe but not by the AKC. Heights of about 13 to 15 inches (330 to 380 mm) are common, and they generally weigh 13 to 18 pounds (6 to 8 kg).


The dogs are known for their friendly personality and mischievous sense of humor as well as intelligence and boundless energy.

A Miniature Schnauzer's personality can develop based on the family with which it lives. It can develop certain traits that other family members possess.

While very good with children and most other pets, the Miniature Schnauzer does best when growing up with them. He does not respond well to new additions after he is grown, and can go into a depressive slump at a new arrival, sometimes causing health problems. This can be compensated for by lavishing him with extra attention, but it is better not to induce this stress in the first place.

Miniature Schnauzers are good guard dogs in spirit, though the most damage they are likely to do is to bite the attacker's ankles.


Black Miniature Schnauzer with silver markings Black Miniature Schnauzer with silver markings

The earliest recorded Miniature Schnauzer was in 1888, and the first exhibition was in 1899. With their bold courage the Miniature Schnauzer was originally used for guarding herds, small farms and families. As time passed they were also used to hunt rats, because they appeared to have a knack for it, and its small size was perfect to get into tight places to catch them. The AKC accepted registration of the new breed in 1926, 2 years after they were introduced to the United States.


Miniature Schnauzers are often classified as "working dogs," owing to their past as ratters. Currently, they are most often employed as companion animals.


Miniature Schnauzers are prone to Diabetes and Pancreatitis. With proper care, avoiding feeding sweet or fattening food, it can often be avoided. Miniature Schnauzers with uncropped ears are prone to ear infections and deafness later in life if the ears are not checked regularly or dried out after swimming.

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